#603. Pariez sur les forces


Recrutez des gens excellents dans un domaine clé et pariez sur leurs forces. Après tout, les organisations sont conçues pour neutraliser les faiblesses et les rendre inoffensives.

Source : Effective Executive de Peter Drucker

The effective executive makes strength productive. He knows that one cannot build on weakness. To try to build against weakness frustrates the purpose of organization. Organization is the specific instrument to make human strengths redound to performance while human weakness is neutralized and largely rendered harmless.

President Lincoln when told that General Grant, his new commander-in-chief, was fond of the bottle said: “If I knew his brand, I’d send a barrel or so to some other generals.” Of all the Union generals, Grant alone had proven consistently capable of planning and leading winning campaigns. It was an effective appointment because Lincoln chose his general for his tested ability to win battles and not for his sobriety, that is, for the absence of a weakness. Lincoln learned this the hard way however. Before he chose Grant, he had appointed in succession three or four Generals whose main qualifications were their lack of major weaknesses. As a result, the North, despite its tremendous superiority in men and materiel, had not made any headway for three long years from 1861 to 1864. In sharp contrast, Lee, in command of the Confederate forces, had staffed from strength. Every one of Lee’s generals was a man of obvious and monumental weaknesses. Each of them had, however, one area of real strength—and it was this strength, and only this strength, that Lee utilized and made effective. As a result, the “well-rounded” men Lincoln had appointed were beaten time and again by Lee’s “single-purpose tools,” the men of narrow but very great strength.